The Sultan Ahmed Mosque is a beautiful mosque of Istanbul, Turkey. It is famous as the Blue Mosque because of having the blue tiles adorning its interior walls.

Sultan Ahmed Mosque of Turkey

History of Sultan Ahmed Mosque

The mosque catches the attention of worldwide tourists and locals every week. It was founded from 1609 to 1616, during the rule of Ahmed I. Its Külliye has a tomb, a madrasah, and a hospice.

Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Blue Mosque) was established by Sedefkâr Mehmed Ağa when the son of Hāndān Vālida Sultânā ordered to construct this mosque.

After the Peace of Zsitvatorok, and as a result of some internal wars with Persia, Sultan Ahmet I took the decision of building this huge mosque to reassert Ottoman power. It was the first imperial mosque. Ahmet the First removed the funds of the Treasury because of the fact that he didn’t get any remarkable victory during his time.

The mosque was founded on the site of the palace of the Byzantine emperors, facing the basilica Ayasofya of that time, and the hippodrome.

Architecture of Sultan Ahmed Mosque

The Sultan Ahmed Mosque consists of a main dome, six minarets, and eight secondary domes. The design of this beautiful mosque is incorporating the Byzantine Christian elements of Hagia Sophia, and it has been constructed in pure Islamic style. It is one of the greatest mosques of the classic period. The architect named Sedefkâr Mehmed Ağa had played his role in synthesizing the ideas of master Sinan to develop such a majestic mosque.

Interior of Sultan Ahmed Mosque

At the lower levels and piers, the mosque is lined with over twenty thousand handmade İznik style ceramic tiles internally. These were made at Iznik (the ancient Nicaea) in over 50 beautiful tulip designs. The mosque has traditional style tiles at its lower sides, while the gallery level has tiles with designs of flowers, fruits, and cypresses. These varying tiles were formed under the guidance of the Iznik master. It is said that the price of each tile has been tremendously increased. In those days, the quality was compromised so that there can be a control over the high amount spent on the formation of the tiles.

The interior’s upper levels have blue paint. Over 200 stained glass windows with intricate designs allow natural light to come in. On the chandeliers, ostrich eggs are found that used to help in avoidance of the spiders and insects.

The decoration of the mosque has versus of Holy Quran, most of them were crafted by Seyyid Kasim Gubari, one of the finest calligraphers of his time.

Exterior of Sultan Ahmed Mosque

The façade of spacious forecourt has been founded just like the façade of the Süleymaniye Mosque. The mosque has a hexagonal fountain in the center, which is smaller than the courtyard.

Its semi-dome has a fine stalactite structure, made beautiful with ribbed dome on tholobate. The historical school is adjacent to the outer walls of Hagia Sophia.

A heavy iron chain is hanged in the upper side of the court entrance in its west.

The mosque has six minarets, the second one being the Sabancı Mosque in Adana. Four minarets are standing at the corners of the Blue Mosque. All of them are shaped like pencil, having three balconies.

 

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