Straddling the continents of Europe and Asia, Turkey is a famous and one of the most remarkable tourist attractions. Due to its strategic location, this country has become an established and self-reliance civilization since the Stone Age period. No doubt, Turkey is a country with soaring mountains, large inland plateau, breathtaking environment, amazing coast, excellent geographic zones, and everything that make this land a fascinating destination for travelers and adventure lovers.

An Overview of Geography of Turkey

Landmark of Turkey

The landmark of Turkey is 774.815 sq km., and the country is known to have a coastline of 8333 km length. It is often regarded as Asia Minor in antiquity, the region making up the modern day Turkey. It has been divided into different zones: the central landmass of Anatolia, and numerous coastal areas.

An Overview of Geography of Turkey

The Marmara Region

The Marmara Region of Turkey consists of the Europe’s part and is stretching towards the northwest section of the Anatolian plain. It has a central rolling plain that is present with the high mountains. Istanbul, so far, has been the most populated and main city of Turkey. It is economically very advanced. The role of service and manufacturing industries in the development of Istanbul as a region cannot be ignored. It is supportive for farming and agriculture like tobacco, wheat, rice, sunflower, corn, olives, and grapes.

Historical Value of Istanbul

Previously, Istanbul was called as Byzantium, followed by Constantinople. It is present in two separate continents and has been equipped with topnotch harbor, the Golden Horn, and sits astride the Bosphorus which is a small waterway of the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea.

Aegean Turkey

The lowlands of the Marmara and Aegean regions of Turkey are self-sustained in agricultural wealth. The Aegean Turkey is made up of western coast and is a watered place having high number of rivers. Due to the presence of much water, this region has been a paradise for farmers. Some of its exceptional valleys are the Izmit Valley, the Bursa Plains, and the Plains of Troy. The major crops cultivated in this land are tobacco, cotton, grapes, olives, sultanas, raisins, and figs etc.

Mediterranean Turkey

The south coast of Turkey is expanded towards the western Bodrum, along-with the adorable turquoise coastlines of Caria and Lycia. The region is famous for its Taurus Mountains that are dropping sheer into the sea, giving an edge to the overall beauty of the land.

The coastal areas are known for their production of about 60% of Turkey’s total cotton, sesame, citrus fruits like oranges, vegetables, and bananas etc. Here tomatoes, peppers and aubergines are also grown in large area of the alluvial plains.

The higher elevations are collectively called as yayla. These are great to spent summer holidays and provide calm and relaxing atmosphere to the visitors. On the hills or in meadows, you can find sheep, cows, buffaloes, and goats wandering here and there. Much part of the mountains and hills is covered with dense pine forest, from where pine honey is obtained by the farmers which is sold in local markets.

An Overview of Geography of Turkey

Other than these remarkable regions, Turkey has the Black Sea Coast, Anatolia, Central Anatolia, Eastern Anatolia, and Southeastern Anatolia. Overall the geography of Turkey is very interesting. It is an adorable place for students and fun-lovers, with welcoming environment.


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